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Home In the world ODNs CANADA Project 1 - Nueva Vida Without Parasites: Health and prevention for children at Nueva Vida, Nicaragua

Project 1 - Nueva Vida Without Parasites: Health and prevention for children at Nueva Vida, Nicaragua

According to the World Health Organization, in a report published in April 2013, diarrhea is the second cause of death in children under five years .....Project Cost: 19,888.00 US$ ----Dates: 1 Nov 2014 -15 Oct 2015 .


The presence of intestinal parasites during childhood causes severe diarrhea that produce a drop in school attendance, different health conditions and economic losses worldwide, mainly in developing countries.

According to the World Health Organization, in a report published in April 2013, diarrhea is the second cause of death in children under five years and is responsible for 760,000 child deaths per year.

Our project for the treatment of parasites, building latrines, and hygiene education in Nueva Vida, will have a multiplier effect of its results and a positive and tangible impact on the health of children and the general population.

Description of Activities

This program proposes to work on two basic axes, health and education, with the aim of improving access of the population to basic needs.

1. Detection of parasites in children in kindergarten and primary shcool:

clinical analysis and stool samples will be taken for every student of the Centre twice a year in order to detect the possible presence of protozoa (amoebas, giardia) and helminthes ( intestinal worms).


- 398 stool examinations carried out
- 245 children with protozoan pathogens (61.5 %).
- 122 children with nonpathogenic protozoa (30.6 %)
- 7 children who did not submit samples for the recommended serial (1.7 %)
- 24 cases of children with helminths (6%)


2. Treatment of parasites: All the students of the Centre (250) will receive medical treatment for parasitic protozoan, this treatment will be twice a year (two treatments per year per child). At the same time, a treatment every six months is provided for children with helminthes (about 50% of the analyzed samples).

- 40 girls /boys treated with secnidazole.
- 63 girls /boys treated metronidazole.
- 30 girls /boys treated with tinidazole.


3. Additional Treatments: To mitigate possible effects of parasitic diseases, such as anemia or ringworm.

- Anemia: in the first period of the project, delivery of vitamin supplement was made; in the second period another delivery was made to the same children. 122 children between 4 and 8 years old were treated. This age group was chosen because according to the WHO this population is more prone to anemia.
- Dermatomycoses: Since at the first examination only 5 cases were detected among 222 students tested, it was considered appropriate to adjust the second period to the numbers the project included, that is, 10% of the school population
- 22 children examined.
- 1 case of ringworm detected.
- clotrimazole cream treatment was given to the girl with a positive result

4. Education/Prevention: 8 training workshops for children on improving hygiene habits, provided by qualified staff with educational materials that can be brought home to every family.

- 10 workshops focusing on prevention
- 233 students received training in health care throughout the period
- 250 people (teachers and parents) received health training throughout the period
- 241 health kits were distributed to the parents
- 9 alcohol gel dispensers were installed


5. Construction of Latrines: installation of 20 sanitary latrines. To promote family involvement, these should participate in the excavation and construction work, and should be in charge of the maintenance

- Construction was done following the requirements of the Ministry of Health of Nicaragua
- 23 latrines built by community members
- Direct involvement of the beneficiary families in the construction of latrines
- Training on the proper use and maintenance of latrines through a workshop
- Technical monitoring of the use of the latrine to ensure preservation of the work
- Delivery of tools (brush, paper can) for the proper use and maintenance of latrines
- Involvement of local government
- Increased human dignity in its most basic and private functions


Expected Impact

- Direct Impact on the health of children: Treatment against parasites in school centers is one of the most effective and economical methods to increase the presence and classroom participation. Reducing school absenteeism due to this treatment is estimated at 25%.

- Direct Impact on the community: Our project also aims at the education of mothers, to ensure that women become multipliers elements that carry a positive effect in the long term. We also work with the community in the construction of latrines, the project educate men and young people in the construction trades and maintenance of latrines.

- Direct impact on the environment: One of the biggest problems of Nueva Vida is the lack of toilets in homes and the very poor sanitary conditions of that community. The installation of latrines and hygiene education will have a positive effect on the neighborhood environment both in the short and long term.